Download Financial Ratio Calculator Template In Excel

Financial ratios are categorize according to financial aspect of the business which the ratio measures. This financial ratio calculator in excel will help you calculate those important metrics. So, It should also help you to learn which accounts in balance sheet as well as profit and loss statement to generate those ratios. Moreover, You can customize this spreadsheet easily by typing row numbers next to respective account names.

Financial Ratio Categories

Thus, These are common categories you may find in many references which also you can find in this financial ratio calculator spreadsheet.

Liquidity Ratios

Measure cash availability to pay company’s debt. So, All numbers are taken from balance sheet statement.

Thus, This ratio is taken from balance sheet statement where total of company’s current assets is compared with total of company’s current liabilities

Cash Ratio = Current Assets (Cash & Obligation)/Current Liabilities

So, This ratio is similar with Current Ratio except it takes into account cash and obligation only from current assets

Quick ratio adds accounts receivable as part of current assets along with cash and obligation

Hence, Net Working Capital Ratio = [Current Assets – Current Liabilities (Net Working Capital)]/Total Assets

If you want to measure your net amount of all elements of working capital, you can use this ratio calculator.

Solvency Ratios

Measure company’s ability to repay long-term debt. Basically, it is the opposite of liquidity ratio where it sees financial performance from liabilities/debt side.

Debt Ratio = Total Liabilities/Total Assets

Reading this ratio should give you a quick measurement whether company’s assets can cover all of their liabilities.

Debt to Equity Ratio = Total Debts (Long Term Liabilities)/Total Equity

Debt to Equity ratio compares total debts with company’s equity.

Equity Ratio = Total Equity/Total Assets

The equity ratio is a financial ratio indicating the relative proportion of equity used to finance a company’s assets

Interest Coverage Ratio = Earning Before Interest and Taxes/Interest Payments

The interest coverage ratio is used to determine how easily a company can pay interest on its outstanding debt.

While the previous three ratios are taken from balance sheet statement, this Interest Coverage Ratio is taken from Profit and Loss Statement.

Activity Ratios

Measure capability of converting company’s non-cash assets to cash assets. This ratio relates to company’s operational activities. It takes values from both balance sheet and profit and loss statements.

Working Capital Turnover = Sales Revenue/Current Assets – Current Liabilities

This ratio is an indicator to measure company’s effectiveness in using their working capital

Inventory Turnover = CoGS/Inventory

Basically, this is an efficiency ratio to show how effective particular company’s inventory management.

Assets Turnover = Sales Revenue/Total Assets

Assets Turnover ratio is a key performance indicator to measure the value of company’s revenues relative to their assets’ value.

Receivable Turnover = Sales Revenue/Inventory

Average Collection Period = 360 or 365 days/Receivable Turnover

Days from this ratio are useful to manage company’s cash flow situation.

Profitability Ratios

Measure company’s use of its assets and control of its expenses to generate an acceptable rate of return. These are common metrics to measure it.

Net Profit Margin = Net Profit/Sales Revenue

Gross Profit Margin = Gross Profit/Sales Revenue

Operating Margin = Gross Profit after Expenses/Sales Revenue

Return on Assets (ROA) = Net Profit/Total Assets

Return on Equity (ROE) = Net Profit/Total Equity

Basic Earning Power Ratio = Gross Profit after Expenses/Total Assets

Hence, Financial ratios above might or might not suit with your company’s condition. So, There are still other financial ratios options you can choose if you fill some of ratios above are not suitable. So, Remember to define your own ratio references since it might be different between companies.

Furthermore, financial ratios will be useful if they are benchmarked against something else, like past performance or another company.

How to Use Financial Ratio Calculator Spreadsheet

There are only three worksheets in this spreadsheet. So, To use this financial ratio calculator correctly, you need to type row numbers from respective account names financial ratio worksheet. But before that, you need to copy your own balance sheet report and income statement into their respective worksheets. You don’t have to paste it in row by row, or try to put values in respective fields. You just need to type corresponding number at the left hand side of those reports in financial ratio worksheet. So, Don’t overwrite numbers at the left side of particular worksheets. They are all will be used in VLOOKUP formulas to get respective values. Thus, Dummy accounts and values are written in this financial ratio calculator spreadsheet to help you understanding this template well.

There are two background colors in cells where you need to put row numbers. So, Green color indicates that the values refer to Balance Sheet worksheet while orange color refers to values from Profit and Loss worksheet.

You can modify this spreadsheet to suit your own needs. You can add more ratios. Also, you can add more columns to cover calculation from other year period. You can generate KPI comparison chart and make it as your company’s default chart. But, you need to define your KPI values first.

Download this Financial Ratio Calculator template in Excel Format

Our easy to use editable Excel templates and save your significant amount of time and effort. Here’s how to download and use one of our templates:

  1. Download this free Excel Template: Once you’ve browsed through our collection of templates and find the one that best fits your needs. Once you’ve found the template you want, click on the download button.

  2. Replace sample data with your actual data: Once the template is downloaded, open it in Excel. You’ll see that it is already set up with sample data. To start analyzing your own data, simply replace the sample data with your actual data.

  3. Customize the template: Our templates are completely editable, which means you can customize them to fit your specific needs. For example, you can change the formatting, add or remove columns, or create new charts and graphs.

  4. Use the Excel template: Once you’ve fed in your data and customized the template, you’re ready to start using it for data analysis. Use the various tools and features of Excel to analyze and visualize your data, and make informed business decisions.

  5. Save and share: Once you’ve finished working on the template, save it to your computer and share it with other members of your team or stakeholders as needed.

Click Download Button To Get Financial Ratio Calculator Excel Template

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